Scottish leader Alex Salmond said on Friday he would resign after losing an independence referendum that left the United Kingdom intact, as Queen Elizabeth II called for “mutual respect” among Scots following a divisive campaign.
Despite a surge in Scottish nationalist support in the final fortnight of the campaign, the anti-independence “No” camp secured a clear margin of 55.30 percent of the vote against 44.70 percent for the separatist “Yes” side.
After a campaign that inspired other break-away movements, especially in Spain’s Catalonia, and opened a Pandora’s box of demands for more autonomy across the United Kingdom, turnout was 84.6 percent — the highest ever for an election in Britain.
“No” campaigners across Scotland cheered, hugged and danced as the results came in the early morning.
British Prime Minister David Cameron said he was “delighted” and added: “Now the debate has been settled for a generation.”
US President Barack Obama said he hoped to continue his country’s “strong and special relationship with all the people of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”.
Salmond conceded defeat and said he would be stepping down from his post and from the leadership of his Scottish National Party (SNP) in November.
“For me as leader, my time is nearly over. But for Scotland the campaign continues and the dream shall never die,” he said at a press conference in Edinburgh.
Many “Yes” activists had watched the result in tears, although Salmond urged them to take heart from the huge number — 1.6 million — who backed independence.
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