Palestinian officials demanded international action against Israel and vowed that demonstrations would continue.
“We are asking the world and especially the Arab World to intervene immediately to end the massacre of our people,” Mahmoud Abbas, president of the Palestinian Authority, said at a news conference in Ramallah.
The new United States Embassy, he said, “is not an embassy but a new outpost in East Jerusalem,” which the Palestinians claim.
Mr. Abbas was unusually succinct, speaking for barely eight minutes, saying that protests would go on and that there would be a general strike on Tuesday.
Kuwait, a member of the United Nations Security Council, said it had requested a meeting of the council on Tuesday, “in light of the developments on the ground and the killing of innocent civilians.”
In New York, the Palestinian ambassador to the United Nations, Riyad H. Mansour, said his government might refer the matter to the International Criminal Court for prosecution.
“Israel, the occupying power, has abdicated its international responsibility,” he told reporters. “On the contrary, it is the source of killing.”
Mr. Mansour drew a direct link between the protests and the embassy celebrations in Jerusalem.
“It is very tragic they’re celebrating an illegal action while Israel is killing civilians,” he said. “Let them look at what is really happening, in the Gaza Strip.”